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NEDS Description of Data Elements

 
RACE - Race/ethnicity of patient
 
Documentation Sections:
General Notes
Uniform Values
State Specific Notes
General Notes
 

HCUP has four data elements related to race and ethnicity:

  • Original data provided by the data source (HCUP Partner organizations):
    • RACE_X contains the original data values for race. For some data sources, there may be a value for RACE_X that is specific to Hispanic ethnicity.
    • HISPANIC_X contains the original data values for ethnicity, if provided. This data element became available in data year 1998.
  • HCUP uniform variables:
    • RACE contains a uniform coding for race and ethnicity.
      • If the data source supplied information on race and ethnicity as separate data elements (RACE_X and HISPANIC_X, respectively), ethnicity takes precedence over race in setting the HCUP uniform values. For example, a patient who is Hispanic and Black is assigned to the category of Hispanic (RACE=3 based on information included in HISPANIC_X).
      • If information on ethnicity is not provided as a separate data element and, instead, provided as a separate value for RACE_X, then the category of Hispanic (RACE=3) is based on the information in RACE_X.
    • HISPANIC contains a uniform coding for race and ethnicity in which Hispanic patients are assigned to a category that includes information on the race. Using the same example of a patient who is Hispanic and Black, HISPANIC is assigned to the category of Black Hispanic (HISPANIC=2). It should be noted that the HISPANIC data element does not retain information on the race of non-Hispanic patients. This data element became available in data year 2015.

Not all HCUP Partner organizations provide information on race and ethnicity. The availability of this information may differ by year. Additionally, the reporting of information on race and ethnicity can vary by hospital. For additional information, refer to the HCUP data element, RACE_PCT_MISS_HOSP, which identifies the percentage of hospital discharges where race and ethnicity information is missing or invalid. This data element is available beginning data year 2020.

 
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Uniform Values
VariableDescriptionValueValue Description
RACERace/ethnicity of patient1White
2Black
3Hispanic
4Asian or Pacific Islander
5Native American
6Other
.Missing
.AInvalid
.BUnavailable from source (coded in 1988-1997 data only)
 
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State Specific Notes

Arizona (SID)
Arizona
(Valid beginning 2014)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
One or more values of "5" plus blanks and 9 (with no other values) White 1 White
One or more values of "3" plus blanks and 9 (with no other values) Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
One or more values of "2" plus blanks and 9 (with no other values) Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
One or more values of "6" plus blanks and 9 (with no other values) Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
Any combination of values "2" and "6" including blanks and 9 (with no other values) Asian, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
One or more values of "1" plus blanks and 9 (with no other values) American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
Any combination of values 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 9; excluding combinations of 2 and 6 Mixed or Other 6 Other
9 (with no other values) Refused . Missing
blank
other Any undocumented values .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic/Latino
2 Non Hispanic/Latino
9 Refused



Arizona
(Valid 2012-2013)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
05, 5 White 1 White
03, 3 Black or African American 2 Black
04, 4 Hispanic or Latino 3 Hispanic
06, 6 Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
02, 2 Asian
01, 1 American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
07, 7 Multi Racial 6 Other
09, 9 Refused . Missing
Blank Missing
Other Any undocumented values .A Invalid
Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not provided.



Beginning in 2008, Arizona allows up to four separate responses to be recorded in the race field.

Arizona
(Valid 2008-2011)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
One or more values of "5" plus blanks (with no other values) White 1 White
One or more values of "3" plus blanks (with no other values) Black or African American 2 Black
One or more values of "4" plus blanks (with no other values) Hispanic or Latino 3 Hispanic
One or more values of "2" plus blanks (with no other values) Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
One or more values of "6" plus blanks (with no other values) Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
Any combination of values "2" and "6" including blanks (with no other values) Asian, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
One or more values of "1" plus blanks (with no other values) American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
Any combination of values 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6; excluding combinations of 2 and 6 Mixed or Other 6 Other
9 Refused . Missing
Blank Missing
Other Any undocumented values .A Invalid
Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not provided.



Arizona
(Valid July 2003 - December 2007)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
5 White 1 White
3 Black or African American 2 Black
4 Hispanic or Latino 3 Hispanic
2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
6 Hawaiian Native or Other Pacific Islander
1 American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
7 Other (Use if patient not described above) 6 Other
9 Refused . Missing
Blank Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.




Arizona
(Valid through June 2003)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
5 Caucasian, Non Hispanic 1 White
3 Black 2 Black
4 Caucasian, Hispanic 3 Hispanic
2 Asian, Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 American Indian, Aleut, Eskimo 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
9 Refused . Missing
Blank Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.



California (SID)

Central Distributor only - because of confidentiality restrictions, the race of the patient (RACE) is suppressed on some records.

California
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = "E1" 3 Hispanic
4 Asian/Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
3 Native American/Eskimo/Aleut 5 Native American
5 Other 6 Other
0, 6 Unknown . Missing
Blank Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic
2 Non-Hispanic
3 Unknown

Information on ethnicity was provided by California and used to code RACE beginning in 1995. The variable HISPANIC_X was retained on the HCUP databases beginning in 1998.

There are a small number of discharges with undocumented values in HISPANIC_X that are not considered valid by the data source.



Connecticut (SID and SEDD)
Connecticut
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X=1 3 Hispanic
5 Spanish/Hispanic
3 Oriental/Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
7 Pacific Islander/Hawaiian
4 American Indian 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
8 Other non-white
9, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

HISPANIC_X

1 Spanish/Hispanic origin
2 Non-Spanish/Non-Hispanic
D Declinced to answer
U Unknown


Florida (SID and SEDD)
Florida
(Valid beginning 2010)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
5 White 1 White
3 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = E1 3 Hispanic
2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
4 Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
1 American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
7 Unknown . Missing
Blank
Other Any undocumented value .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
E1 Hispanic of Latino
E2 Non-Hispanic or Latino
E7 Unknown



Florida
(Valid prior to 2010)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
4 White 1 White
3 Black 2 Black
5 Hispanic - White 3 Hispanic
6 Hispanic - Black
2 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
7 Other 6 Other
8, Blank No Response, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.



Georgia (SID and SEDD)
Georgia
(Valid beginning 2003)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White or Caucasian 1 White
2 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 (Effective starting 2007) 3 Hispanic
4 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander
3 American Indian / Alaskan Native 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
Blank Unknown Race, Missing . Missing
7 Patient refused to self-designate a race
8 No race reported
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X (Effective starting 2007)
1 Hispanic or Latino
2 Neither Hispanic nor Latino
Separate information on ethnicity (HISPANIC_X) is not provided through data year 2006.


Prior to 1998, Georgia does not separately classify Hispanic (RACE = 3). No documentation was available about how these were coded. Beginning in 1998, Georgia revised their coding scheme for race of the patient. See table below.

Georgia
(Prior to 2002)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
5 White 1 White
3 Black (Non-Hispanic) 2 Black
4 Hispanic (Effective starting 1998) 3 Hispanic
2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 American Indian/Alaska native 5 Native American
6 Multiracial 6 Other
0, 7, 9, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.


Hawaii (SID and SEDD)
Hawaii
(Valid beginning in 2010)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
W White/Caucasian 1 White
Z Arab/Arabian
B Black/African American 2 Black
4 Mexican 3 Hispanic
5 Portuguese
E Other Hispanic or Latino
R Puerto Rican
C Chinese 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
D Asian Indian
F Filipino
G Guamanian or Chamorro
H Native Hawaiian
J Japanese
K Korean
L Laotian
M Other Micronesian
N Maori
P Part Native Hawaiian
Q Other Asian
S Samoan
T Tongan
V Vietnamese
X Melanesian
Y Other Pacific Islander
1 Fijian
2 Malaysian
3 Marshallese
6 Tahitian
7 Thai
8 Tokelauan
A Alaska Native 5 Native American
I American Indian
O Other Race 6 Other
U Unknown/Refused . Missing
99 Not Collected
other .A Invalid
Condition: if DSHOSPID = "12001F" (after December 31, 2011 these values do not exist anymore)
C White 1 White
N Black 2 Black
R Western Hemisphere Indian 5 Native American
X Other 6 Other
Z Unknown . Missing
Condition: if DSHOSPID = "120028" (after December 31, 2010 these values do not exist anymore)
M Hispanic Origin 3 Hispanic
O Oriental 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
X Other 6 Other
Condition: if DSHOSPID = "121303" and on or before May 14, 2010 (after May 14, 2010, these values do not exist anymore)
O Caucasian 1 White
L Hispanic 3 Hispanic
P Portuguese
A Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
E Eskimo 5 Native American
Z Other 6 Other
98 Invalid .A Invalid
Condition: if DSHOSPID = "120001" and on or before July 31, 2010 (after July 31, 2010, these values do not exist anymore)
01 Caucasian 1 White
23 Middle East
02 American/African 2 Black
07 American/African Mix
11 Black/Other
03 Hispanic/Other 3 Hispanic
25 Portuguese
26 Puerto Rican
05 Asian/Mix 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
09 Asian/Other
10 Asian/South
12 Cambodian
14 Chinese/Taiwanese
16 Filipino
17 Guamanian
18 Hawaiian/Part
19 Japanese/Okinawan
20 Korean
21 Laotian
22 Micronesian
24 Pacific Islander
27 Samoan
28 Thai
29 Tongan
31 Vietnamese
33 Taiwanese
34 Okinawan
35 Chinese
36 Japanese
04 American Native 5 Native American
06 Cosmopolitan 6 Other
08 Asian/Caucasian
13 Caucasian/Mix
15 East Indian
30 Unknown . Missing
32 Decline
Separate information in ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.



In the source data files provided by Hawaii, the coding of race of the patient was different for each Hawaiian hospital. During HCUP processing, the hospital-specific values were recoded into the values of RACE_X described below.

Hawaii
(Valid prior to 2010)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
3 Hispanic 3 Hispanic
4 Hawaiian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 Chinese
6 Filipino
7 Japanese
8 Other Asian
9 Other Pacific Islander
10 Native American 5 Native American
11 Mixed or Other 6 Other
99, Blank Missing . Missing
A Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

One hospital (DSHOSPID = "120014") provides only one category for Asian patients, instead of distinguishing Chinese, Filipino, and Japanese races. For this hospital, the one category for Asian was recoded to "Other Asian" (RACE_X = "8").

One hospital (DSHOSPID = "12001F") provides only one category for Asian/Pacific Islander patients, instead of distinguishing Hawaiian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese and other Asian and Pacific Islander races. For this hospital, the one category for Asian/Pacific Islander was recoded to "Other Asian" (RACE_X = "8").

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided by any Hawaiian hospital. HISPANIC_X is not available.



Illinois (SID and SEDD)
Illinois
(Beginning in 2014)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
R5 White 1 White
R3 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = E1 3 Hispanic
R2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
R4 Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
R1 American Indian or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
R6, R9 Two or more races or Multi-racial, Other 6 Other
R7, Blank Declined, blank . Missing
Other .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
E1 Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity
E2 Non Hispanic nor Latino Ethnicity
E7 Declined/unknown



Illinois
(Valid 2009-2013)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
R5 White 1 White
R3 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = E1 3 Hispanic
R2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
R4 Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
R1 American Indian or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
R9 Other 6 Other
Blank . Missing
Other .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
E1 Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity
E2 Non Hispanic nor Latino Ethnicity


Iowa (SID and SEDD)

Due to an error in processing the 2015 data file, all non-Hispanic patients were coded to invalid (.A) instead of Not Hispanic (value 0).

Iowa
(Valid beginning 2009)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 African American/Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 (beginning 7/1/12) 3 Hispanic
6 Hispanic/Latino of Any Race (discontinued 7/1/12)
4 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander
3 American Indian/Alaskan Native 5 Native American
7 Multiracial/Two or More Races 6 Other
8 Declined . Missing
9 Unavailable/Unknown
Blank
Other Any undocumented values .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic or Latino
2 Non Hispanic or Latino
3 Declined
4 Unavailable/Unknown
Beginning 7/1/12, Iowa supplies ethnicity.



Iowa
(Valid through 2008)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
-- 3 Hispanic
4 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
3 American Indian or Alaskan native 5 Native American
-- 6 Other
9, Blank Other/Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

Prior to 2009, Iowa does not separately classify Hispanic (RACE = 3). No documentation was available about how these were coded. HISPANIC_X is not available.

Iowa uses one category for "Other" and "Unknown", which is assigned to the HCUP category for missing (.).

Some Iowa hospitals report "Other" race for all or a high percentage of their discharges. Some hospitals report "White" race for all discharges.



Indiana (SID and SEDD)
Indiana
(Valid Beginning in 2010)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
R1 White 1 White
R2 Black 2 Black
if HISPANIC_X in ('E1', '1'); 3 Hispanic
R4 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
R5 Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
R3 American Indian/Alaskan Native 5 Native American
R7 Multiracial/Two or More Races 6 Other
R8 Declined Blank Missing
R9 Unavailable/Unknown
Blank Missing
Other .A Invalid


Indiana (SID and SEDD)
Indiana
(Valid Prior to 2010)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
-- 3 Hispanic
-- 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
-- 5 Native American
4 Other 6 Other
3 Minority
0, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.


Kansas (SID)
Kansas
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
4 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
3 American Indian/Alaska Native 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
7 Multi-Racial (2 or more races)
Blank, 9, 0 Missing, Unknown or patient refused . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic or Latino
2 Neither Hispanic nor Latino
0, blank Unknown


Kentucky (SID and SEDD)

Beginning in 2008, Kentucky supplies Race and Ethnicity. Kentucky codes Ethnicity as a separate data element.

Kentucky
(Beginning in 2008)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
R5 White 1 White
R3 Black of African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = E1 3 Hispanic
R2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
R4 Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
R1 American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
R9 Other 6 Other
(blank), R7 Missing or Patient Refused (Ambulatory Facilities Only) . Missing
Other .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
E1 Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity
E2 Non Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity


Maine (SID and SEDD)

Beginning in 2008, Maine supplies Race and Ethnicity. Maine codes Ethnicity as a separate data element.

Maine
(Beginning in 2008)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
5 White 1 White
3 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
4 Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
1 American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
6 Other race 6 Other
7, 8, Blank Patient Elected not to Answer, Uknown, Missing . Missing
Other .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity
2 Non Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity
Other -- .A Invalid


Maryland (SID)

Beginning in 1993, Maryland reported Hispanic ethnicity as a separate variable. If patient ethnicity was coded as Spanish/Hispanic origin, patient race was set to Hispanic (RACE = 3) during HCUP processing.

Prior to 1993, Maryland did not report Hispanic ethnicity as a separate variable or category of race. Hispanic ethnicity (RACE = 3) is not coded in the 1988-1992 HCUP Maryland data. The source documentation available for Maryland did not indicate which race code(s) were used for Hispanic ethnicity.

Maryland
(Valid beginning in 2012)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
3 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
7 Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
4 American Indian, or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
5 Other 6 Other
6 Two or more Races
8 Declined to Answer . Missing
9, blank Unknown
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Spanish/Hispanic origin
2 Not of Spanish/Hispanic origin
7 or 9 Declined to Answer/Unknown



Maryland
(Valid 1998-2011)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
3 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
4 American Indian, Eskimo, Aleut 5 Native American
5 Other 6 Other
6 Bi-racial (Beginning in 2005)
9 Unknown . Missing
Blank Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Spanish/Hispanic origin
2 Not of Spanish/Hispanic origin
9 Unknown


Massachusetts (SID and SEDD)

Beginning October 2014, Massachusetts uses the full list of standard codes from the CDC ethnicity code set and those listed below: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/dvs/Race_Ethnicity_CodeSet.pdf

Small numbers of Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders (less than 1.7%) were included in "Invalid" in the 2006-2008 Massachusetts SEDD.

Small number of Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders (less than 1%) were included in "Invalid" in the 2006-2008 Massachusetts SID.

Beginning October 2006, Massachusetts significantly changed how race and ethnicity are reported. The information is reported in seven separate fields (Race1, Race2, RaceOther, Ethnicity1, Ethnicity2, EthnicityOther, and Hispanic Indicator). The data elements RaceOther and EthnicityOther are sparsely populated and were not retained on the HCUP files. The remaining fields were retained as follows:

RACE_X contains the concatenated values of Race1 and Race2. RACE_X = Race1 | Race2

Beginning 2006, Hispanic_X contains the Hispanic Indicator values. Beginning 2013,

Hispanic_X contains the concatenated values of Hispanic Indicator, Ethnicity1, and Ethnicity2.

Hispanic_X = Hispanic Indicator | Ethnicity1 | Ethnicity2

Patient Hispanic Indicator
(Valid Beginning October 2014)
Valid Entries Definition
Y Patient is Hispanic/Latino/Spanish.
N Patient is not Hispanic/Latino/Spanish.
Patient Ethnicity Codes
Ethnicity Code Ethnicity Definition
AMERCN American
BRAZIL Brazilian
CVERDN Cape Verdean
CARIBI Caribbean Island
PORTUG Portuguese
RUSSIA Russian
EASTEU Eastern European
OTHER Other Ethnicity
UNKNOW Unknown/not specified



Patient Hispanic Indicator
(Valid Prior to October 2014)
Valid Entries Definition
Y Patient is Hispanic/Latino/Spanish.
N Patient is not Hispanic/Latino/Spanish.
Patient Ethnicity Codes
Ethnicity Code Ethnicity Definition
2182-4 Cuban
2184-0 Dominican
2148-5 Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano
2180-8 Puerto Rican
2161-8 Salvadoran
2155-0 Central American (not otherwise specified)
2165-9 South American (not otherwise specified)
2060-2 African
2058-6 African American
AMERCN American
2028-9 Asian
2029-7 Asian Indian
BRAZIL Brazilian
2033-9 Cambodian
CVERDN Cape Verdean
CARIBI Caribbean Island
2034-7 Chinese
2169-1 Columbian
2108-9 European
2036-2 Filipino
2157-6 Guatemalan
2071-9 Haitian
2158-4 Honduran
2039-6 Japanese
2040-4 Korean
2041-2 Laotian
2118-8 Middle Eastern
PORTUG Portuguese
RUSSIA Russian
EASTEU Eastern European
2047-9 Vietnamese
OTHER Other Ethnicity (Beginning in 2009)
UNKNOWN Unknown/not specified (Beginning in 2009)



Massachusetts
(Valid Beginning 2015)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
R5 | R5 , R5 | - , - | R5 White 1 White
R3 | R3 , R3 | - , - | R3 Black/African American 2 Black
Hispanic Indicator = Y or Ethnicity1/Ethnicity2 = 2182-4
2135-2
2137-8
2138-6
2139-4
2140-2
2141-0
2142-8
2143-6
2144-4
2145-1
2146-9
2148-5
2149-3
2150-1
2151-9
2152-7
2153-5
2155-0
2156-8
2157-6
2158-4
2159-2
2160-0
2161-8
2162-6
2163-4
2165-9
2166-7
2167-5
2168-3
2169-1
2170-9
2172-5
2173-3
2174-1
2175-8
2176-6
2178-2
2180-8
2184-0
Hispanic 3 Hispanic
R2 | R2 , R2 | - , - | R2, R4 | R4 , R4 | - , - | R4 Asian, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
R1 | R1 , R1 | - , - | R1 American Indian/Alaska Native 5 Native American
R9 | R9 , R9 | - , - | R9 , OTHER (beginning in 2009) Race1 not equal to Race2 and neither Race1/Race2 equal to dash Other 6 Other
- | -
UNKNOWN (beginning in 2009) Unknown, Missing . Missing
- | -
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.




Massachusetts
(Valid October 2006-2014)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
R5 | R5 , R5 | - , - | R5 White 1 White
R3 | R3 , R3 | - , - | R3 Black/African American 2 Black
Hispanic Indicator = Y or Ethnicity1/Ethnicity2 = 2182-4
2184-0
2148-5
2180-8
2161-8
2155-0
2165-9
2169-1
2157-6
2158-4
Hispanic 3 Hispanic
R2 | R2 , R2 | - , - | R2, R4 | R4 , R4 | - , - | R4 Asian, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
R1 | R1 , R1 | - , - | R1 American Indian/Alaska Native 5 Native American
R9 | R9 , R9 | - , - | R9 , OTHER (beginning in 2009) Race1 not equal to Race2 and neither Race1/Race2 equal to dash Other 6 Other
OTHER
UNKNOWN (beginning in 2009) Unknown, Missing . Missing
- | -
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.




Massachusetts
(Valid October 1999 - September 2006)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
4 Hispanic 3 Hispanic
3 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 American Indian 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
9, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.




Massachusetts
(Valid prior to October 1999)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
9 Hispanic 3 Hispanic
6 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 American Indian 5 Native American
3 Other 6 Other
4, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.



Missouri (SID and SEDD)
Missouri
(Valid beginning in 2003)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
4 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
3 American Indian/Alaskan Native 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
7 Multi-racial
9 Unknown . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic or Latino
2 Neither Hispanic nor Latino
9 Unknown



Missouri
(Valid through 2002)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
4 Hispanic 3 Hispanic
5 Asian/Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
3 American Indian/Eskimo 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
9, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.



Nebraska (SID and SEDD)

Information on patient race and ethnicity is no longer retained on the file beginning data year 2013.

Nebraska
(Valid in 2012)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
5, W White 1 White
3, B Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
H Hispanic
2, 4, A Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1, I American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
6, O Other 6 Other
9, U, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

HISPANIC_X

1 Spanish/Hispanic origin
2 Non-Spanish/Non-Hispanic
9 Unknown



Nebraska
(Valid in 2011)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
5, W White 1 White
2, B Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
3, H Hispanic
4, A Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1, I American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
6, O Other 6 Other
9, U, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

HISPANIC_X

1 Spanish/Hispanic origin
2 Non-Spanish/Non-Hispanic
9 Unknown


In the middle of 2007, Nebraska hospitals changed the coding of race for Whites and Native Americans.

  • Prior to June 2007, a value of 1 in RACE_X indicated the patient was White and a value of 5 indicated the patient was Native American.
  • Beginning in June 2007, a value of 1 in RACE_X indicated Native American and a value of 5 indicated the patient was White.

Due to an error in HCUP data processing for the partial year 2007 and 2008-2010, RACE_X for values 1 and 5 were incorrectly mapped into the uniform variable RACE and misidentified Whites and American Indians. Beginning with 2011 data, the RACE data element correctly identifies Whites and American Indians.

Race is coded on only 8% of Nebraska discharges in 2005. Nebraska informed HCUP that RACE values are not consistent with coding guidelines.

Nebraska
(Valid Prior to 2011)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1, W White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
3 Hispanic
4 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
9, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

HISPANIC_X

1 Spanish/Hispanic origin
2 Non-Spanish/Non-Hispanic
9 Unknown


Nevada (SID)
Nevada
(Beginning in 2008)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
4 White 1 White
3 Black 2 Black
5 Hispanic 3 Hispanic
2 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 Native American/Alaskan 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
9, blank Unknown . Missing
Any other undocumented values .A Invalid
Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.


New Hampshire (SID)

Beginning with the 2019 data year, New Hampshire provides race in three separate fields (Race Code 1, Race Code 2, Race Code 3).

The fields were retained as follows:
RACE_X contains the concatenated values of Race Codes 1-3. RACE_X = Race1 | Race2 | Race3.

New Hampshire
(Beginning in 2019)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
R5 White 1 White
R3 Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = E1 3 Hispanic
R2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
R4 Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
R1 American Indian/Alaskan Native 5 Native American
R9 Other race 6 Other
Any concatenated value with a | bar Other or multiracial
R7 Refused/declined to provide . Missing
R8 Unknown
Blank Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
E1 Hispanic or Latino
E2 Neither Hispanic or Latino
E7 Refused/declined to provide
E8 Unknown


New Hampshire
(Valid through data year 2009)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White, non-Hispanic 1 White
2 Black, non-Hispanic 2 Black
5 Hispanic 3 Hispanic
3 Asian/Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
4 American Indian 5 Native American
6 Multiracial 6 Other
7 Other
X, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.


New Jersey (SID and SEDD)
New Jersey
(Beginning in 2008)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
21063 White 1 White
20545 Black or African American 2 Black
if Hispanic_X = 21485, 21808, 21824, 21550, 21880 3 Hispanic
20297 Asian Indian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
20347 Chinese
20362 Filipino
20396 Japanese
20404 Korean
20479 Vietnamese
20792 Native Hawaiian
20867 Guamanian or Chamorro
20800 Samoan
20289 Other Asian
25007 Other Pacific Islander
10025 American Indian or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
21380 Multiracial: White and Black or African American 6 Other
21381 Multiracial: White and American Indian or Alaskan Native
21382 Multiracial: White and Asian
21383 Multiracial: Black or African American and American Indian or Alaskan Native
21311 Other Race
21385 Unknown/Unavailable . Missing
21390 Declined to Answer
(blank)
(other) .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
21865 No, not Spanish/Hispanic/Latino
21485 Yes, Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano
21808 Yes, Puerto Rican
21824 Yes, Cuban
21550 Yes, Central or South American
21880 Yes, Other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino
21870 Unknown/Unavailable
21875 Declined to Answer



New Jersey
(Valid through 2007)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black or African American
If HISPANIC_X = 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 3 Hispanic
4 Chinese 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 Japanese
6 Native Hawaiian
7 Filipino
8 Other Asian or Pacific Islander
A Asian Indian (Beginning 2005)
B Korean (Beginning 2005)
C Samoan (Beginning 2005)
D Vietnamese (Beginning 2005)
E Guamian or Chamorro
3 American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
H Multiracial: White and Black or African American 6 Other
I Multiracial: White and American Indian or Alaskan Native
J Multiracial: White and Asian
K Multiracial: Black or African American and American Indian or Alaskan Native
0 Other races
9, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
G Declined to Answer
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Mexican
2 Puerto Rican
3 Cuban
4 Central or South American
5 Other and Unknown Hispanic

Beginning in 1993. New Jersey reported Hispanic ethnicity as a separate variable. If patient ethnicity was coded as Hispanic (Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, Other or Unknown Hispanic), patient race was set to Hispanic (RACE = 3) during HCUP processing.

Prior to 1993. New Jersey reported Hispanic ethnicity as a category of race. If New Jersey reported patient race as Hispanic, HCUP assigned patient race as Hispanic (RACE = 3).



New York (SID and SEDD)

Beginning in 2017, NY uses the standard codes from the CDC Race and Ethnicity Code Set: www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/dvs/Race_Ethnicity_CodeSet.pdf

RACE_X contains the hirerarchical CDC Race code up to the 9 value level and concatenated values of up to seven Race values. RACE_X = Race1 | Race2 | Race 3 | Race4 | Race5 | Race 6| Race 7

Hispanic_X contains the hirerarchical CDC Ethnicity code concatenated values of up to seven Ethncity values. Hispanic_X = Ethnicity1 | Ethnicity2 |Ethnicity 3 | Ethnicity4 | Ethnicity5 |Ethnicity 6 |Ethnicity 7

New York
(Valid beginning 2017)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
Any of these R5 White values (and no other values in array): R5, R5.01.002, R5.01.005, R5.01.008, R5.02.002, R5.02.005, R5.02.008, R5.01, R5.01.003, R5.01.006, R5.02, R5.02.003, R5.02.006, R5.02.009, R5.01.001, R5.01.004, R5.01.007, R5.02.001, R5.02.004, R5.02.007, R5.03 White 1 White
Any of these R3 Black or African American values (and no other values in array): R3, R3.03, R3.03.003, R3.03.006, R3.06, R3.09, R3.12, R3.01, R3.03.001, R3.03.004, R3.04, R3.07, R3.10, R3.02, R3.03.002, R3.03.005, R3.05, R3.08, R3.11 Black/African American 2 Black
If Hispanic_X = any of these "E1" codes: E1, E1.01.005, E1.02.001, E1.03.001, E1.03.007, E1.04.004, E1.04.010, E1.01, E1.01.006, E1.02.002, E1.03.002, E1.03.008, E1.04.005, E1.04.011, E1.01.001, E1.01.007, E1.02.003, E1.03.003, E1.04, E1.04.006, E1.05, E1.01.002, E1.01.008, E1.02.004, E1.03.004, E1.04.001, E1.04.007, E1.06, E1.01.003, E1.01.009, E1.02.005, E1.03.005, E1.04.002, E1.04.008, E1.07, E1.01.004, E1.02, E1.03, E1.03.006, E1.04.003, E1.04.009, E1.08 Hispanic 3 Hispanic
Any of these R2 Asian or R4 Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander values (and no other values in array): R2, R2.08, R2.16, R2.24, R4.02, R4.02.008, R4.03.002, R2.01, R2.09, R2.17, R4, R4.02.001, R4.02.009, R4.03.003, R2.02, R2.10, R2.18, R4.01, R4.02.002, R4.02.010, R4.03.004, R2.03, R2.11, R2.19, R4.01.001, R4.02.003, R4.02.011, R4.04, R2.04, R2.12, R2.20, R4.01.002, R4.02.004, R4.02.012, R2.05, R2.13, R2.21, R4.01.003, R4.02.005, R4.02.013, R2.06, R2.14, R2.22, R4.01.004, R4.02.006, R4.03, R2.07, R2.15, R2.23, R4.01.005, R4.02.007, R4.03.001 Asian, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
Any of these R1 American Indian or Alaska Native codes (and no other values in array): R1, R1.01.025, R1.01.051, R1.01.077, R1.01.103, R1.01.129, R1.01.155, R1.01 R1.01.026, R1.01.052, R1.01.078, R1.01.104, R1.01.130, R1.01.156, R1.01.001, R1.01.027, R1.01.053, R1.01.079, R1.01.105, R1.01.131, R1.01.157, R1.01.002, R1.01.028, R1.01.054, R1.01.080, R1.01.106, R1.01.132, R1.01.158, R1.01.003, R1.01.029, R1.01.055, R1.01.081, R1.01.107, R1.01.133, R1.01.159, R1.01.004, R1.01.030, R1.01.056, R1.01.082, R1.01.108, R1.01.134, R1.01.160, R1.01.005, R1.01.031, R1.01.057, R1.01.083, R1.01.109, R1.01.135, R1.01.161, R1.01.006, R1.01.032, R1.01.058, R1.01.084, R1.01.110, R1.01.136, R1.01.162, R1.01.007, R1.01.033, R1.01.059, R1.01.085, R1.01.111, R1.01.137, R1.01.163, R1.01.008, R1.01.034, R1.01.060, R1.01.086, R1.01.112, R1.01.138, R1.01.164, R1.01.009, R1.01.035, R1.01.061, R1.01.087, R1.01.113, R1.01.139, R1.01.165, R1.01.010, R1.01.036, R1.01.062, R1.01.088, R1.01.114, R1.01.140, R1.01.166, R1.01.011, R1.01.037, R1.01.063, R1.01.089, R1.01.115, R1.01.141, R1.01.167, R1.01.012, R1.01.038, R1.01.064, R1.01.090, R1.01.116, R1.01.142, R1.01.168, R1.01.013, R1.01.039, R1.01.065, R1.01.091, R1.01.117, R1.01.143, R1.01.169, R1.01.014, R1.01.040, R1.01.066, R1.01.092, R1.01.118, R1.01.144, R1.01.170, R1.01.015, R1.01.041, R1.01.067, R1.01.093, R1.01.119, R1.01.145, R1.01.171, R1.01.016, R1.01.042, R1.01.068, R1.01.094, R1.01.120, R1.01.146, R1.01.172, R1.01.017, R1.01.043, R1.01.069, R1.01.095, R1.01.121, R1.01.147, R1.01.173, R1.01.018, R1.01.044, R1.01.070, R1.01.096, R1.01.122, R1.01.148, R1.01.174, R1.01.019, R1.01.045, R1.01.071, R1.01.097, R1.01.123, R1.01.149, R1.01.175, R1.01.020, R1.01.046, R1.01.072, R1.01.098, R1.01.124, R1.01.150, R1.01.176, R1.01.021, R1.01.047, R1.01.073, R1.01.099, R1.01.125, R1.01.151, R1.01.177, R1.01.022, R1.01.048, R1.01.074, R1.01.100, R1.01.126, R1.01.152, R1.02, R1.01.023, R1.01.049, R1.01.075, R1.01.101, R1.01.127, R1.01.153, R1.02.001, R1.01.024, R1.01.050, R1.01.076, R1.01.102, R1.01.128, R1.01.154, R1.02.002, R1.02.003 American Indian/Alaska Native 5 Native American
R9, or when any "R" value not equal to another "R" value in the array or string Other Race 6 Other
E9 Unknown, Missing . Missing
E4 or Any values not documented by the data source Invalid .A Invalid
Set Race Value using Hispanic_X or Race_X, with priority of Hispanic_X. If Hispanic_X missing or invalid then check the Race_X value to set Race.
HISPANIC_X
E1 HISPANIC OR LATINO
E1.01 SPANIARD
E1.01.001 ANDALUSIAN
E1.01.002 ASTURIAN
E1.01.003 CASTILLIAN
E1.01.004 CATALONIAN
E1.01.005 BELEARIC ISLANDER
E1.01.006 GALLEGO
E1.01.007 VALENCIAN
E1.01.008 CANARIAN
E1.01.009 SPANISH BASQUE
E1.01.007 VALENCIAN
E1.02 MEXICAN
E1.02.001 MEXICAN AMERICAN
E1.02.002 MEXICANO
E1.02.003 CHICANO
E1.02.004 LA RAZA
E1.02.005 MEXICAN AMERICAN INDIAN
E1.03 CENTRAL AMERICAN
E1.03.001 COSTA RICAN
E1.03.002 GUATEMALAN
E1.03.003 HONDURAN
E1.03.004 NICARAGUAN
E1.03.005 PANAMANIAN
E1.03.006 SALVADORAN
E1.03.007 CENTRAL AMERICAN INDIAN
E1.03.008 CANAL ZONE
E1.04 SOUTH AMERICAN
E1.04.001 ARGENTINEAN
E1.04.002 BOLIVIAN
E1.04.003 CHILEAN
E1.04.004 COLOMBIAN
E1.04.005 ECUADORIAN
E1.04.006 PARAGUAYAN
E1.04.007 PERUVIAN
E1.04.008 URUGUAYAN
E1.04.009 VENEZUELAN
E1.04.010 SOUTH AMERICAN INDIAN
E1.04.011 CRIOLLO
E1.05 LATIN AMERICAN
E1.06 PUERTO RICAN
E1.07 CUBAN
E1.08 DOMINICAN
E2 NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO
E9 UNKNOWN
(blank) Missing


New York
(Valid 2014-2016)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
01 White 1 White
02 African American (Black) 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 3, 4, 5, 6, M 3 Hispanic
41 Asian Indian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
42 Chinese
43 Filipino
44 Japanese
45 Korean
46 Vietnamese
49 Other Asian
51 Native Hawaiian
52 Samoan
53 Guamanian or Chamorro
59 Other Pacific Islander
03 Native American (American Indian, Eskimo, Aleut) 5 Native American
88 Other Race 6 Other
MR Multi-racial
Blank Missing . Missing
Other Invalid .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
3 Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano 1 Spanish/Hispanic origin
4 Puerto Rican
5 Cuban Origin
6 Other Spanish/Hispanic Origin
M Multi-ethnicity
2 Not of Spanish/Hispanic origin 2 Non-Spanish/Non-Hispanic
9 Unknown 9 Unknown
blank Missing



New York
(Valid Prior to 2014)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
01 White 1 White
02 African American (Black) 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
04 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
05 Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
03 Native American (American Indian, Eskimo, Aleut) 5 Native American
88 Other 6 Other
99, Blank Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Spanish/Hispanic origin 1 Spanish/Hispanic origin
2 Not of Spanish/Hispanic origin 2 Non-Spanish/Non-Hispanic
9, Blank Missing 9 Unknown


North Carolina (SID)

North Carolina resumed providing the race and ethnicity variable beginning in 2010.

Beginning in Q4 2010, the race and ethnicity data values changed.

North Carolina
(Valid beginning October 2010)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
5 White or Caucasian 1 White
3 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 2 3 Hispanic
2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
4 Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
1 American Indian/Alaskan Native 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
9, Blank Unknown Race, Missing . Missing
8 Invalid (starting in 2020) .A Invalid
Any values not documented by the data source
HISPANIC_X
1 Neither Hispanic nor Latino
2 Hispanic or Latino
8 (starting in 2020) Invalid
9, blank Missing, unknown



North Carolina
(Valid January - September 2010)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
4 White 1 White
3 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 American Indian/Alaskan Native 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
0, 6, 9, Blank Unknown Race, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic or Latino
2 Neither Hispanic nor Latino
0, blank Missing, unknown



North Carolina did not provide RACE in 2009 as the coding was considered unreliable.

North Carolina
(Valid Prior to 2009)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
4 White 1 White
3 Black 2 Black
-- 3 Hispanic
2 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 American Indian/Eskimo 5 Native American
5 Other Race 6 Other
0, 6, Blank Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.
Reporting of the race of the patient is optional for hospitals in North Carolina.



North Dakota (SID and SEDD)
North Dakota
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
R5 White/Caucasian 1 White
R3 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = "E1" 3 Hispanic
R4 Native Hawaiian of Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
R2 Asian
R1 American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
R9 Other Race/Multiple Races 6 Other
RZ Unknown/Not Provided . Missing
Blank
Other .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
E1 Hispanic or Latino
E2 Non-Hispanic or Latino
EY Decline to state
Blank . Missing
Other .A Invalid


Ohio (SID and SEDD)
Ohio
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White or Caucasian 1 White
2 African American or Black 2 Black
3 American Indian or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
4 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
6 Hispanic or Latino
7 Unavailable or Unknown . Missing
9 Declined
(blank), not provided blank, not provided
(other) .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic or Latino
2 Non Hispanic or Latino
3 Unavailable
4 Decline
(blank) Not Provided


Rhode Island (SID)
Rhode Island
(Valid Prior 2020)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X=1 3 Hispanic
5 Hispanic
3 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
4 American Indian 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
9 Unknnown Race
Blank Missing/Unknown . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid



Rhode Island
(Valid Prior 2020)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
A White 1 White
B Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X=1 3 Hispanic
C Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
E Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
D Native American 5 Native American
F White/Black 6 Other
G White/Asian
H White/American Indian or Alaska Native
I White/Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
J Black/Asian
K Black/American Indian or Alaska Native
L Black/Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
M Asian/American Indian or Alaska Native
N American Indian or Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
O Asian/Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
P All Others
Blank, Q Missing, Not provided . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic
2 Not Hispanic
3 Not Reported



Rhode Island
(Valid beginning 1/1/03-3/31/03)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
5 Hispanic 3 Hispanic
3 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
4 Native American 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
Blank, 9 Missing, Unknown . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.



Rhode Island
(Valid through 2002)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
4 White, not Hispanic 1 White
3 Black, not Hispanic 2 Black
7 White Hispanic 3 Hispanic
8 Black Hispanic
2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 Native American 5 Native American
5 Other 6 Other
Blank, 6 Missing, Unknown . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.


South Carolina (SID and SEDD)

From 1998-2002 patient's race (RACE and RACE_X) was set to missing for records from South Carolina freestanding surgery centers because the data was not reliable. Beginning with 2003, race information is retained in RACE_X and RACE on all ambulatory surgery records. Analysts should examine facility-specific frequencies before using the data.

South Carolina
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 African American 2 Black
6 Hispanic 3 Hispanic
3 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
4 American Indian 5 Native American
5 Other 6 Other
Blank, 7 Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.



South Dakota (SID and SEDD)
South Dakota
(Valid beginning in 2009)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 African American/Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 (Beginning 1/1/13) 3 Hispanic
6 Hispanic/Latino of Any Race (discontinued 1/1/13)
4 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander
3 American Indian or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
7 Multiracial/Two or More Races 6 Other
9 Unavailable/Unknown . Missing
8 Declined
Blank
Other .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic or Latino
2 Non Hispanic or Latino
3 Declined
4 Unavailable/Unknown
Beginning 1/1/13, South Dakota supplies ethnicity.



South Dakota
(Valid through 2008)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
-- 3 Hispanic
4 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
3 American Indian or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
9 Other or Unknown 6 Other
Blank . Missing
Other .A Invalid

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.



Tennessee (SID and SEDD)
Tennessee
(Valid starting 2007)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White, not Hispanic 1 White
2 Black or African American 2 Black
IF HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
4 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
3 Native American or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
5 Other Race (Other than 1 - 4) 6 Other
9, Blank Unknown Race, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic Origin
2 Not Hispanic Origin
3, effective prior to 2011 Hispanic Origin Unknown
9, effective prior to 2011 Hispanic Origin Unknown



Tennessee
(Valid through 2006)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
0 White, not Hispanic 1 White
7 White, Hispanic origin unknown
1 Black, not Hispanic 2 Black
8 Black, Hispanic origin unknown
5 White, Hispanic 3 Hispanic
6 Black, Hispanic
3 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
4 American Indian/Alaskan Native 5 Native American
2 Other 6 Other
9, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.


Utah (SID)

For 2015-2017, RACE has been dropped from the Utah file. The source supplied field, RACE_X, remains available.

For 2012, a large hospital system stopped the collection of information on Hispanic ethnicity of the patient and just collected information on the patient's race. We recommend checking hospital-level statistics before using RACE or HISPANIC_X. For 2013-2014, the hospital system continued this practice. All records for hospitals included in this hospital system have had RACE values set to missing for 2013-2014. Original hospital RACE values are contained in RACE_X.



Vermont (SID and SEDD)
Vermont
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
4 White/Non-Hispanic 1 White
3 Black/Non-Hispanic 2 Black
IF HISPANIC_X=1 (Effective starting 2011) 3 Hispanic
7 Hispanic-White
8 Hispanic-Black
2 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 American Indian/Alaska Native 5 Native American
5 Other Race 6 Other
9 Multiple Selection
6, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
HISPANIC_X (Effective starting 2011)
0 Unknown
1 Hispanic
2 Non-Hispanic
Separate information on ethnicity (HISPANIC_X) is not provided through data year 2010.


Wisconsin (SID and SEDD)
Wisconsin
(Valid Beginning 1/1/14)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
One or two values of "5"; may be combined with "7", "9", or blank (no other values) White 1 White
One or two values of "3"; may be combined with "7", "9", or blank (no other values) Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
One or two values of "2"; may be combined with "7", "9", or blank (no other values) Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
One or two values of "4"; may be combined with "7", "9", or blank (no other values) Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
Any combination of values "2" and "4" Asian, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
One or two values of "1"; may be combined with "7", "9", or blank (no other values) American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
One or two values of "6"; may be combined with "7", "9", or blank Multiracial (discontinued beginning Q2 2014) 6 Other
Any combination of values "1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6" ("6" discontinued beginning Q2 2014); excluding combinations of "2" and "4". Multiracial
7 Declined . Missing
9 Unavailable
blank
other Any undocumented values .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic/Latino
2 Not of Hispanic/Latino
7 Refused
9 Unavailable (discontinued Q2 2014)

For 2013, a few facilities had mapping issues with race and ethnicity reporting. The issues were mainly reported in the first quarter of 2013.

Wisconsin
(Valid Beginning Q1 2007)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
5 White 1 White
3 Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
2, 4 Asian; Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 American Indian or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
6 Other (effective until Q4 2010) 6 Other
6 Multiracial (effective beginning Q4 2010)
7 Declined . Missing
9 Unavailable
blank
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic origin
2 Not of Hispanic origin
7 Declined
9 Unavailable

Race and ethnicity information is available on the Wisconsin SEDD beginning with 2005 data.

Race and ethnicity were available on the 2004 SASD, so any records in the 2004 SEDD that originated in the Wisconsin Ambulatory Surgery file will include information on race and ethnicity.


Wisconsin
(Valid Prior to Q1 2007)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
4 White 1 White
3 Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
2 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 American Indian or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
5 Other 6 Other
6, 9, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic origin
2 Not of Hispanic origin
6 Unknown
9 Not asked

 
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Internet Citation: HCUP NEDS Description of Data Elements. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). May 2015. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/db/vars/race/nedsnote.jsp.
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