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Central Distributor SASD: Description of Data Elements

 
RACE - Race/ethnicity of patient
 
Documentation Sections:
General Notes
Uniform Values
State Specific Notes
General Notes
 

HCUP has four data elements related to race and ethnicity:

  • Original data provided by the data source (HCUP Partner organizations):
    • RACE_X contains the original data values for race. For some data sources, there may be a value for RACE_X that is specific to Hispanic ethnicity.
    • HISPANIC_X contains the original data values for ethnicity, if provided. This data element became available in data year 1998.
  • HCUP uniform variables:
    • RACE contains a uniform coding for race and ethnicity.
      • If the data source supplied information on race and ethnicity as separate data elements (RACE_X and HISPANIC_X, respectively), ethnicity takes precedence over race in setting the HCUP uniform values. For example, a patient who is Hispanic and Black is assigned to the category of Hispanic (RACE=3 based on information included in HISPANIC_X).
      • If information on ethnicity is not provided as a separate data element and, instead, provided as a separate value for RACE_X, then the category of Hispanic (RACE=3) is based on the information in RACE_X.
    • HISPANIC contains a uniform coding for race and ethnicity in which Hispanic patients are assigned to a category that includes information on the race. Using the same example of a patient who is Hispanic and Black, HISPANIC is assigned to the category of Black Hispanic (HISPANIC=2). It should be noted that the HISPANIC data element does not retain information on the race of non-Hispanic patients. This data element became available in data year 2015.

Not all HCUP Partner organizations provide information on race and ethnicity. The availability of this information may differ by year. Additionally, the reporting of information on race and ethnicity can vary by hospital. For additional information, refer to the HCUP data element, RACE_PCT_MISS_HOSP, which identifies the percentage of hospital discharges where race and ethnicity information is missing or invalid. This data element is available beginning data year 2021.

 
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Uniform Values
 
VariableDescriptionValueValue Description
RACERace/ethnicity of patient1White
2Black
3Hispanic
4Asian or Pacific Islander
5Native American
6Other
.Missing
.AInvalid
.BUnavailable from source (coded in 1988-1997 data only)
 
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State Specific Notes

Alaska

In the AS and ED data, HISPANIC_X value of 9 (Unknown) is mapped to missing (.). In the inpatient data, prior to data year 2020, HISPANIC_X value of 9 was mapped to invalid. Beginning in 2020, it is mapped to missing.

Alaska
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
4 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
3 American Indian/Alaskan Native 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
9 Unknown . Missing
Blank Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

HISPANIC_X

1 Hispanic or Latino
2 Neither Hispanic nor Latino
9 Unknown


California

Central Distributor only - because of confidentiality restrictions, the race of the patient (RACE) is suppressed on some records.

California
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
R5 White 1 White
R3 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = "E1" 3 Hispanic
R2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
R4 Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
R4R2 Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, Asian
R1 American Indian/Alaska Native 5 Native American
(any combination of valid RACE_X values) Any combination of valid RACE_X values 6 Other
R9 Other Race
(blank) . Missing
HISPANIC_X
E1 Hispanic/Latino
E2 Non-Hispanic or Non-Latino
99 Unknown
0, 00, "-" Missing


Colorado
Colorado
(Valid beginning in 2017)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
White White 1 White
Black Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X=1 3 Hispanic
Hispanic Hispanic
Asian Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
Native American Native American 5 Native American
Other Other 6 Other
Unknown Unknown . Missing
Blank
Other Any undocumented values .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic or Latino
2 All others



Colorado
(Valid through 2016)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
IF HISPANIC_X = 1 (Effective starting 2010) 3 Hispanic
5 Hispanic
3 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
4 Native American 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
7,0, Blank Missing . Missing
other Any undocumented values .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X (Effective starting 2010)
1 Hispanic or Latino
2 All others
Separate information on ethnicity (HISPANIC_X) is not provided through data year 2009.


District of Columbia

For data year 2016, the HCUP uniform variable RACE was not included in the HCUP file for the District of Columbia. The source supplied field, RACE_X, was included.

District of Columbia
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
4 White or Caucasian (Valid in 2013) 1 White
0 White (Effective starting 2014)
3 Black or African American (Valid in 2013) 2 Black
1 Black (Effective starting 2014)
If HISPANIC_X = 2 (Effective starting 2017) 3 Hispanic
5 Hispanic (Effective starting 2014)
2 Asian or Pacific Islander (Valid in 2013) 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
3 Asian (Effective starting 2014)
1 American Indian/Alaskan Native (Valid in 2013) 5 Native American
4 American Indian (Effective starting 2014)
2 Other Specified (Effective starting 2014) 6 Other
6 Unknown (Valid in 2013) . Missing
9 Unknown Not Recorded (Effective starting 2014)
Blank Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X (Effective starting 2017)
1 Not Hispanic
2 Hispanic
9 Unknown
Separate information on ethnicity (HISPANIC_X) is not provided through data year 2016.


Florida
Florida
(Valid beginning 2010)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
5 White 1 White
3 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = E1 3 Hispanic
2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
4 Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
1 American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
7 Unknown . Missing
Blank
Other Any undocumented value .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
E1 Hispanic of Latino
E2 Non-Hispanic or Latino
E7 Unknown



Florida
(Valid prior to 2010)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
4 White 1 White
3 Black 2 Black
5 Hispanic - White 3 Hispanic
6 Hispanic - Black
2 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
7 Other 6 Other
8, Blank No Response, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.



Georgia
Georgia
(Valid beginning 2003)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White or Caucasian 1 White
2 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 (Effective starting 2007) 3 Hispanic
4 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander
3 American Indian / Alaskan Native 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
Blank Unknown Race, Missing . Missing
7 Patient refused to self-designate a race
8 No race reported
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X (Effective starting 2007)
1 Hispanic or Latino
2 Neither Hispanic nor Latino
Separate information on ethnicity (HISPANIC_X) is not provided through data year 2006.


Prior to 1998, Georgia does not separately classify Hispanic (RACE = 3). No documentation was available about how these were coded. Beginning in 1998, Georgia revised their coding scheme for race of the patient. See table below.

Georgia
(Prior to 2002)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
5 White 1 White
3 Black (Non-Hispanic) 2 Black
4 Hispanic (Effective starting 1998) 3 Hispanic
2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 American Indian/Alaska native 5 Native American
6 Multiracial 6 Other
0, 7, 9, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.


Hawaii
Hawaii
(Valid beginning in 2010)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
W White/Caucasian 1 White
Z Arab/Arabian
B Black/African American 2 Black
4 Mexican 3 Hispanic
5 Portuguese
E Other Hispanic or Latino
R Puerto Rican
C Chinese 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
D Asian Indian
F Filipino
G Guamanian or Chamorro
H Native Hawaiian
J Japanese
K Korean
L Laotian
M Other Micronesian
N Maori
P Part Native Hawaiian
Q Other Asian
S Samoan
T Tongan
V Vietnamese
X Melanesian
Y Other Pacific Islander
1 Fijian
2 Malaysian
3 Marshallese
6 Tahitian
7 Thai
8 Tokelauan
A Alaska Native 5 Native American
I American Indian
O Other Race 6 Other
U Unknown/Refused . Missing
99 Not Collected
other .A Invalid
Condition: if DSHOSPID = "12001F" (after December 31, 2011 these values do not exist anymore)
C White 1 White
N Black 2 Black
R Western Hemisphere Indian 5 Native American
X Other 6 Other
Z Unknown . Missing
Condition: if DSHOSPID = "120028" (after December 31, 2010 these values do not exist anymore)
M Hispanic Origin 3 Hispanic
O Oriental 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
X Other 6 Other
Condition: if DSHOSPID = "121303" and on or before May 14, 2010 (after May 14, 2010, these values do not exist anymore)
O Caucasian 1 White
L Hispanic 3 Hispanic
P Portuguese
A Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
E Eskimo 5 Native American
Z Other 6 Other
98 Invalid .A Invalid
Condition: if DSHOSPID = "120001" and on or before July 31, 2010 (after July 31, 2010, these values do not exist anymore)
01 Caucasian 1 White
23 Middle East
02 American/African 2 Black
07 American/African Mix
11 Black/Other
03 Hispanic/Other 3 Hispanic
25 Portuguese
26 Puerto Rican
05 Asian/Mix 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
09 Asian/Other
10 Asian/South
12 Cambodian
14 Chinese/Taiwanese
16 Filipino
17 Guamanian
18 Hawaiian/Part
19 Japanese/Okinawan
20 Korean
21 Laotian
22 Micronesian
24 Pacific Islander
27 Samoan
28 Thai
29 Tongan
31 Vietnamese
33 Taiwanese
34 Okinawan
35 Chinese
36 Japanese
04 American Native 5 Native American
06 Cosmopolitan 6 Other
08 Asian/Caucasian
13 Caucasian/Mix
15 East Indian
30 Unknown . Missing
32 Decline
Separate information in ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.



In the source data files provided by Hawaii, the coding of race of the patient was different for each Hawaiian hospital. During HCUP processing, the hospital-specific values were recoded into the values of RACE_X described below.

Hawaii
(Valid prior to 2010)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
3 Hispanic 3 Hispanic
4 Hawaiian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 Chinese
6 Filipino
7 Japanese
8 Other Asian
9 Other Pacific Islander
10 Native American 5 Native American
11 Mixed or Other 6 Other
99, Blank Missing . Missing
A Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

One hospital (DSHOSPID = "120014") provides only one category for Asian patients, instead of distinguishing Chinese, Filipino, and Japanese races. For this hospital, the one category for Asian was recoded to "Other Asian" (RACE_X = "8").

One hospital (DSHOSPID = "12001F") provides only one category for Asian/Pacific Islander patients, instead of distinguishing Hawaiian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese and other Asian and Pacific Islander races. For this hospital, the one category for Asian/Pacific Islander was recoded to "Other Asian" (RACE_X = "8").

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided by any Hawaiian hospital. HISPANIC_X is not available.



Indiana
Indiana
(Valid Beginning in 2010)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
R1 White 1 White
R2 Black 2 Black
if HISPANIC_X in ('E1', '1'); 3 Hispanic
R4 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
R5 Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
R3 American Indian/Alaskan Native 5 Native American
R7 Multiracial/Two or More Races 6 Other
R8 Declined Blank Missing
R9 Unavailable/Unknown
Blank Missing
Other .A Invalid


Indiana
Indiana
(Valid Prior to 2010)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
-- 3 Hispanic
-- 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
-- 5 Native American
4 Other 6 Other
3 Minority
0, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.


Iowa

Due to an error in processing the 2015 data file, all non-Hispanic patients were coded to invalid (.A) instead of Not Hispanic (value 0).

Iowa
(Valid beginning 2009)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 African American/Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 (beginning 7/1/12) 3 Hispanic
6 Hispanic/Latino of Any Race (discontinued 7/1/12)
4 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander
3 American Indian/Alaskan Native 5 Native American
7 Multiracial/Two or More Races 6 Other
8 Declined . Missing
9 Unavailable/Unknown
Blank
Other Any undocumented values .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic or Latino
2 Non Hispanic or Latino
3 Declined
4 Unavailable/Unknown
Beginning 7/1/12, Iowa supplies ethnicity.



Iowa
(Valid through 2008)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
-- 3 Hispanic
4 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
3 American Indian or Alaskan native 5 Native American
-- 6 Other
9, Blank Other/Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

Prior to 2009, Iowa does not separately classify Hispanic (RACE = 3). No documentation was available about how these were coded. HISPANIC_X is not available.

Iowa uses one category for "Other" and "Unknown", which is assigned to the HCUP category for missing (.).

Some Iowa hospitals report "Other" race for all or a high percentage of their discharges. Some hospitals report "White" race for all discharges.



Kansas
Kansas
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
4 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
3 American Indian/Alaska Native 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
7 Multi-Racial (2 or more races)
Blank, 9, 0 Missing, Unknown or patient refused . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic or Latino
2 Neither Hispanic nor Latino
0, blank Unknown


Kentucky

Beginning in 2008, Kentucky supplies Race and Ethnicity. Kentucky codes Ethnicity as a separate data element.

Kentucky
(Beginning in 2008)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
R5 White 1 White
R3 Black of African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = E1 3 Hispanic
R2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
R4 Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
R1 American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
R9 Other 6 Other
(blank), R7 Missing or Patient Refused (Ambulatory Facilities Only) . Missing
Other .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
E1 Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity
E2 Non Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity


Maine

Beginning in 2008, Maine supplies Race and Ethnicity. Maine codes Ethnicity as a separate data element.

Maine
(Beginning in 2008)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
5 White 1 White
3 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
4 Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
1 American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
6 Other race 6 Other
7, 8, Blank Patient Elected not to Answer, Uknown, Missing . Missing
Other .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity
2 Non Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity
Other -- .A Invalid


Maryland
Maryland
(Valid 2012-2013 and beginning 2015)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
3 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
7 Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
4 American Indian, or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
5 Other 6 Other
6 Two or more Races
8 Declined to Answer . Missing
9, blank Unknown
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Spanish/Hispanic origin
2 Not of Spanish/Hispanic origin
7 or 9 Declined to Answer/Unknown



Maryland
(Valid 2014)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
"100000" where RACE1=1 and other identified races are 0 White 1 White
"010000" where RACE2=1 and other identified races are 0 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
"000100" where RACE4=1 and other identified races are 0 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
"000010" where RACE5=1 and other identified races are 0 Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
"001000" where RACE3=1 and other identified races are 0 American Indian, or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
"000001" where RACE6=1 and other identified races are 0 Other 6 Other
"6" or where two or more races identified in RACE1-RACE6 are indicated by the value "1" Two or more Races
"00000010" Concatenation RACE1-RACE6 equals all 0 values AND Race7=1 and Race8=0 Declined to Answer . Missing
"00000001" or "00000011" Concatenation RACE1-RACE6 equals all 0 values AND Race7=0 and Race8=1 OR Race7=1 and Race8=1 Unknown
Blank, "00000000", Concatenation RACE1-RACE6 equals all 0 values AND Race7=0 and Race8=0 Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Spanish/Hispanic origin
2 Not of Spanish/Hispanic origin
7 or 9 Declined to Answer/Unknown



Maryland
(Valid 1998-2011)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
3 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
4 American Indian, Eskimo, Aleut 5 Native American
5 Other 6 Other
6 Bi-racial (Beginning in 2005)
9 Unknown . Missing
Blank Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Spanish/Hispanic origin
2 Not of Spanish/Hispanic origin
9 Unknown


Michigan
Michigan
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
4 White 1 White
3 Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
2, 7 Asian; Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 American Indian/Eskimo/Aleut 5 Native American
5 Other 6 Other
0, Blank Missing, invalid or unrecorded . Missing
Blank Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic origin
2 Other
3 Arabic
0 Unknown or not stated


Minnesota
Minnesota
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
R5 White/Caucasian 1 White
R3 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = E1 3 Hispanic
R4 Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
R2 Asian
R1 American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
R9 Other Race/Multiple Races 6 Other
RZ Unknown/Not Provided . Missing
(blank)
(other) .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
E1 Hispanic or Latino
E2 Non-Hispanic or Non-Latino
E3 Decline to state
(blank) . Missing
(other) .A Invalid


Missouri
Missouri
(Valid beginning in 2003)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
4 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
3 American Indian/Alaskan Native 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
7 Multi-racial
9 Unknown . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic or Latino
2 Neither Hispanic nor Latino
9 Unknown



Missouri
(Valid through 2002)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
4 Hispanic 3 Hispanic
5 Asian/Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
3 American Indian/Eskimo 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
9, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.



Nevada
Nevada
(Beginning in 2011)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
4 White 1 White
3 Black 2 Black
5 Hispanic 3 Hispanic
2 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 Native American/Alaskan 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
9, blank Unknown . Missing
Any other undocumented values .A Invalid
Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.


New Jersey
New Jersey
(Beginning in 2008)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
21063 White 1 White
20545 Black or African American 2 Black
if Hispanic_X = 21485, 21808, 21824, 21550, 21880 3 Hispanic
20297 Asian Indian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
20347 Chinese
20362 Filipino
20396 Japanese
20404 Korean
20479 Vietnamese
20792 Native Hawaiian
20867 Guamanian or Chamorro
20800 Samoan
20289 Other Asian
25007 Other Pacific Islander
10025 American Indian or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
21380 Multiracial: White and Black or African American 6 Other
21381 Multiracial: White and American Indian or Alaskan Native
21382 Multiracial: White and Asian
21383 Multiracial: Black or African American and American Indian or Alaskan Native
21311 Other Race
21385 Unknown/Unavailable . Missing
21390 Declined to Answer
(blank)
(other) .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
21865 No, not Spanish/Hispanic/Latino
21485 Yes, Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano
21808 Yes, Puerto Rican
21824 Yes, Cuban
21550 Yes, Central or South American
21880 Yes, Other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino
21870 Unknown/Unavailable
21875 Declined to Answer



New Jersey
(Valid through 2007)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black or African American
If HISPANIC_X = 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 3 Hispanic
4 Chinese 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 Japanese
6 Native Hawaiian
7 Filipino
8 Other Asian or Pacific Islander
A Asian Indian (Beginning 2005)
B Korean (Beginning 2005)
C Samoan (Beginning 2005)
D Vietnamese (Beginning 2005)
E Guamian or Chamorro
3 American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
H Multiracial: White and Black or African American 6 Other
I Multiracial: White and American Indian or Alaskan Native
J Multiracial: White and Asian
K Multiracial: Black or African American and American Indian or Alaskan Native
0 Other races
9, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
G Declined to Answer
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Mexican
2 Puerto Rican
3 Cuban
4 Central or South American
5 Other and Unknown Hispanic

Beginning in 1993. New Jersey reported Hispanic ethnicity as a separate variable. If patient ethnicity was coded as Hispanic (Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, Other or Unknown Hispanic), patient race was set to Hispanic (RACE = 3) during HCUP processing.

Prior to 1993. New Jersey reported Hispanic ethnicity as a category of race. If New Jersey reported patient race as Hispanic, HCUP assigned patient race as Hispanic (RACE = 3).



New York

Beginning in 2017, NY uses the standard codes from the CDC Race and Ethnicity Code Set: www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/dvs/Race_Ethnicity_CodeSet.pdf

RACE_X contains the hirerarchical CDC Race code up to the 9 value level and concatenated values of up to seven Race values. RACE_X = Race1 | Race2 | Race 3 | Race4 | Race5 | Race 6| Race 7

Hispanic_X contains the hirerarchical CDC Ethnicity code concatenated values of up to seven Ethncity values. Hispanic_X = Ethnicity1 | Ethnicity2 |Ethnicity 3 | Ethnicity4 | Ethnicity5 |Ethnicity 6 |Ethnicity 7

New York
(Valid beginning 2017)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
Any of these R5 White values (and no other values in array): R5, R5.01.002, R5.01.005, R5.01.008, R5.02.002, R5.02.005, R5.02.008, R5.01, R5.01.003, R5.01.006, R5.02, R5.02.003, R5.02.006, R5.02.009, R5.01.001, R5.01.004, R5.01.007, R5.02.001, R5.02.004, R5.02.007, R5.03 White 1 White
Any of these R3 Black or African American values (and no other values in array): R3, R3.03, R3.03.003, R3.03.006, R3.06, R3.09, R3.12, R3.01, R3.03.001, R3.03.004, R3.04, R3.07, R3.10, R3.02, R3.03.002, R3.03.005, R3.05, R3.08, R3.11 Black/African American 2 Black
If Hispanic_X = any of these "E1" codes: E1, E1.01.005, E1.02.001, E1.03.001, E1.03.007, E1.04.004, E1.04.010, E1.01, E1.01.006, E1.02.002, E1.03.002, E1.03.008, E1.04.005, E1.04.011, E1.01.001, E1.01.007, E1.02.003, E1.03.003, E1.04, E1.04.006, E1.05, E1.01.002, E1.01.008, E1.02.004, E1.03.004, E1.04.001, E1.04.007, E1.06, E1.01.003, E1.01.009, E1.02.005, E1.03.005, E1.04.002, E1.04.008, E1.07, E1.01.004, E1.02, E1.03, E1.03.006, E1.04.003, E1.04.009, E1.08 Hispanic 3 Hispanic
Any of these R2 Asian or R4 Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander values (and no other values in array): R2, R2.08, R2.16, R2.24, R4.02, R4.02.008, R4.03.002, R2.01, R2.09, R2.17, R4, R4.02.001, R4.02.009, R4.03.003, R2.02, R2.10, R2.18, R4.01, R4.02.002, R4.02.010, R4.03.004, R2.03, R2.11, R2.19, R4.01.001, R4.02.003, R4.02.011, R4.04, R2.04, R2.12, R2.20, R4.01.002, R4.02.004, R4.02.012, R2.05, R2.13, R2.21, R4.01.003, R4.02.005, R4.02.013, R2.06, R2.14, R2.22, R4.01.004, R4.02.006, R4.03, R2.07, R2.15, R2.23, R4.01.005, R4.02.007, R4.03.001 Asian, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
Any of these R1 American Indian or Alaska Native codes (and no other values in array): R1, R1.01.025, R1.01.051, R1.01.077, R1.01.103, R1.01.129, R1.01.155, R1.01 R1.01.026, R1.01.052, R1.01.078, R1.01.104, R1.01.130, R1.01.156, R1.01.001, R1.01.027, R1.01.053, R1.01.079, R1.01.105, R1.01.131, R1.01.157, R1.01.002, R1.01.028, R1.01.054, R1.01.080, R1.01.106, R1.01.132, R1.01.158, R1.01.003, R1.01.029, R1.01.055, R1.01.081, R1.01.107, R1.01.133, R1.01.159, R1.01.004, R1.01.030, R1.01.056, R1.01.082, R1.01.108, R1.01.134, R1.01.160, R1.01.005, R1.01.031, R1.01.057, R1.01.083, R1.01.109, R1.01.135, R1.01.161, R1.01.006, R1.01.032, R1.01.058, R1.01.084, R1.01.110, R1.01.136, R1.01.162, R1.01.007, R1.01.033, R1.01.059, R1.01.085, R1.01.111, R1.01.137, R1.01.163, R1.01.008, R1.01.034, R1.01.060, R1.01.086, R1.01.112, R1.01.138, R1.01.164, R1.01.009, R1.01.035, R1.01.061, R1.01.087, R1.01.113, R1.01.139, R1.01.165, R1.01.010, R1.01.036, R1.01.062, R1.01.088, R1.01.114, R1.01.140, R1.01.166, R1.01.011, R1.01.037, R1.01.063, R1.01.089, R1.01.115, R1.01.141, R1.01.167, R1.01.012, R1.01.038, R1.01.064, R1.01.090, R1.01.116, R1.01.142, R1.01.168, R1.01.013, R1.01.039, R1.01.065, R1.01.091, R1.01.117, R1.01.143, R1.01.169, R1.01.014, R1.01.040, R1.01.066, R1.01.092, R1.01.118, R1.01.144, R1.01.170, R1.01.015, R1.01.041, R1.01.067, R1.01.093, R1.01.119, R1.01.145, R1.01.171, R1.01.016, R1.01.042, R1.01.068, R1.01.094, R1.01.120, R1.01.146, R1.01.172, R1.01.017, R1.01.043, R1.01.069, R1.01.095, R1.01.121, R1.01.147, R1.01.173, R1.01.018, R1.01.044, R1.01.070, R1.01.096, R1.01.122, R1.01.148, R1.01.174, R1.01.019, R1.01.045, R1.01.071, R1.01.097, R1.01.123, R1.01.149, R1.01.175, R1.01.020, R1.01.046, R1.01.072, R1.01.098, R1.01.124, R1.01.150, R1.01.176, R1.01.021, R1.01.047, R1.01.073, R1.01.099, R1.01.125, R1.01.151, R1.01.177, R1.01.022, R1.01.048, R1.01.074, R1.01.100, R1.01.126, R1.01.152, R1.02, R1.01.023, R1.01.049, R1.01.075, R1.01.101, R1.01.127, R1.01.153, R1.02.001, R1.01.024, R1.01.050, R1.01.076, R1.01.102, R1.01.128, R1.01.154, R1.02.002, R1.02.003 American Indian/Alaska Native 5 Native American
R9, or when any "R" value not equal to another "R" value in the array or string Other Race 6 Other
E9 Unknown, Missing . Missing
E4 or Any values not documented by the data source Invalid .A Invalid
Set Race Value using Hispanic_X or Race_X, with priority of Hispanic_X. If Hispanic_X missing or invalid then check the Race_X value to set Race.
HISPANIC_X
E1 HISPANIC OR LATINO
E1.01 SPANIARD
E1.01.001 ANDALUSIAN
E1.01.002 ASTURIAN
E1.01.003 CASTILLIAN
E1.01.004 CATALONIAN
E1.01.005 BELEARIC ISLANDER
E1.01.006 GALLEGO
E1.01.007 VALENCIAN
E1.01.008 CANARIAN
E1.01.009 SPANISH BASQUE
E1.01.007 VALENCIAN
E1.02 MEXICAN
E1.02.001 MEXICAN AMERICAN
E1.02.002 MEXICANO
E1.02.003 CHICANO
E1.02.004 LA RAZA
E1.02.005 MEXICAN AMERICAN INDIAN
E1.03 CENTRAL AMERICAN
E1.03.001 COSTA RICAN
E1.03.002 GUATEMALAN
E1.03.003 HONDURAN
E1.03.004 NICARAGUAN
E1.03.005 PANAMANIAN
E1.03.006 SALVADORAN
E1.03.007 CENTRAL AMERICAN INDIAN
E1.03.008 CANAL ZONE
E1.04 SOUTH AMERICAN
E1.04.001 ARGENTINEAN
E1.04.002 BOLIVIAN
E1.04.003 CHILEAN
E1.04.004 COLOMBIAN
E1.04.005 ECUADORIAN
E1.04.006 PARAGUAYAN
E1.04.007 PERUVIAN
E1.04.008 URUGUAYAN
E1.04.009 VENEZUELAN
E1.04.010 SOUTH AMERICAN INDIAN
E1.04.011 CRIOLLO
E1.05 LATIN AMERICAN
E1.06 PUERTO RICAN
E1.07 CUBAN
E1.08 DOMINICAN
E2 NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO
E9 UNKNOWN
(blank) Missing


New York
(Valid 2014-2016)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
01 White 1 White
02 African American (Black) 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 3, 4, 5, 6, M 3 Hispanic
41 Asian Indian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
42 Chinese
43 Filipino
44 Japanese
45 Korean
46 Vietnamese
49 Other Asian
51 Native Hawaiian
52 Samoan
53 Guamanian or Chamorro
59 Other Pacific Islander
03 Native American (American Indian, Eskimo, Aleut) 5 Native American
88 Other Race 6 Other
MR Multi-racial
Blank Missing . Missing
Other Invalid .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
3 Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano 1 Spanish/Hispanic origin
4 Puerto Rican
5 Cuban Origin
6 Other Spanish/Hispanic Origin
M Multi-ethnicity
2 Not of Spanish/Hispanic origin 2 Non-Spanish/Non-Hispanic
9 Unknown 9 Unknown
blank Missing



New York
(Valid Prior to 2014)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
01 White 1 White
02 African American (Black) 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
04 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
05 Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
03 Native American (American Indian, Eskimo, Aleut) 5 Native American
88 Other 6 Other
99, Blank Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Spanish/Hispanic origin 1 Spanish/Hispanic origin
2 Not of Spanish/Hispanic origin 2 Non-Spanish/Non-Hispanic
9, Blank Missing 9 Unknown


North Carolina
North Carolina
(Valid beginning 2011)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
5 White or Caucasian 1 White
3 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 2 3 Hispanic
2 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
4 Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
1 American Indian/Alaskan Native 5 Native American
6 Other 6 Other
9, Blank Unknown Race, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Neither Hispanic nor Latino
2 Hispanic or Latino
9, blank Missing, unknown


Oregon
Oregon
(Valid Beginning in 2008 - SID only)
(Valid Beginning in 2010 - SASD only; Valid Beginning in 2015 - SEDD only)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
R5 White 1 White
R3 Black/African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = E1 Hispanic/Latino Ethnicity 3 Hispanic
R2 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
R4 Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
R1 American Indian/Alaska Native 5 Native American
R9 Other 6 Other
R7 Patient Refused . Missing
R8 Unknown
(blank)
Other .A Invalid

HISPANIC_X

E1 Hispanic or Latino
E2 Non-Hispanic
E8, E9, Blank Patient Refused, Unknown, Missing


South Carolina

From 1998-2002 patient's race (RACE and RACE_X) was set to missing for records from South Carolina freestanding surgery centers because the data was not reliable. Beginning with 2003, race information is retained in RACE_X and RACE on all ambulatory surgery records. Analysts should examine facility-specific frequencies before using the data.

South Carolina
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 African American 2 Black
6 Hispanic 3 Hispanic
3 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
4 American Indian 5 Native American
5 Other 6 Other
Blank, 7 Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.



South Dakota
South Dakota
(Valid beginning in 2009)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 African American/Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 (Beginning 1/1/13) 3 Hispanic
6 Hispanic/Latino of Any Race (discontinued 1/1/13)
4 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
5 Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander
3 American Indian or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
7 Multiracial/Two or More Races 6 Other
9 Unavailable/Unknown . Missing
8 Declined
Blank
Other .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic or Latino
2 Non Hispanic or Latino
3 Declined
4 Unavailable/Unknown
Beginning 1/1/13, South Dakota supplies ethnicity.



South Dakota
(Valid through 2008)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
1 White 1 White
2 Black 2 Black
-- 3 Hispanic
4 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
3 American Indian or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
9 Other or Unknown 6 Other
Blank . Missing
Other .A Invalid

Separate information on ethnicity is not provided. HISPANIC_X is not available.



Utah
Utah
(Valid beginning 2018)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
2106-3 White 1 White
2054-5 Black or African American 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X=2135-2 3 Hispanic
2028-9 Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
2076-8 Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
1002-5 American Indian or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
2131-1 Other 6 Other
blank . Missing
other Any undocumented value .A Invalid

HISPANIC_X

2135-2 Hispanic or Latino
2186-5 Non Hispanic or Latino
Blank Missing


Vermont
Vermont
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
4 White/Non-Hispanic 1 White
3 Black/Non-Hispanic 2 Black
IF HISPANIC_X=1 (Effective starting 2011) 3 Hispanic
7 Hispanic-White
8 Hispanic-Black
2 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 American Indian/Alaska Native 5 Native American
5 Other Race 6 Other
9 Multiple Selection
6, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
HISPANIC_X (Effective starting 2011)
0 Unknown
1 Hispanic
2 Non-Hispanic
Separate information on ethnicity (HISPANIC_X) is not provided through data year 2010.


Wisconsin
Wisconsin
(Valid Beginning 1/1/14)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
One or two values of "5"; may be combined with "7", "9", or blank (no other values) White 1 White
One or two values of "3"; may be combined with "7", "9", or blank (no other values) Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
One or two values of "2"; may be combined with "7", "9", or blank (no other values) Asian 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
One or two values of "4"; may be combined with "7", "9", or blank (no other values) Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
Any combination of values "2" and "4" Asian, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
One or two values of "1"; may be combined with "7", "9", or blank (no other values) American Indian or Alaska Native 5 Native American
One or two values of "6"; may be combined with "7", "9", or blank Multiracial (discontinued beginning Q2 2014) 6 Other
Any combination of values "1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6" ("6" discontinued beginning Q2 2014); excluding combinations of "2" and "4". Multiracial
7 Declined . Missing
9 Unavailable
blank
other Any undocumented values .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic/Latino
2 Not of Hispanic/Latino
7 Refused
9 Unavailable (discontinued Q2 2014)

For 2013, a few facilities had mapping issues with race and ethnicity reporting. The issues were mainly reported in the first quarter of 2013.

Wisconsin
(Valid Beginning Q1 2007)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
5 White 1 White
3 Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
2, 4 Asian; Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 American Indian or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
6 Other (effective until Q4 2010) 6 Other
6 Multiracial (effective beginning Q4 2010)
7 Declined . Missing
9 Unavailable
blank
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic origin
2 Not of Hispanic origin
7 Declined
9 Unavailable

Race and ethnicity information is available on the Wisconsin SEDD beginning with 2005 data.

Race and ethnicity were available on the 2004 SASD, so any records in the 2004 SEDD that originated in the Wisconsin Ambulatory Surgery file will include information on race and ethnicity.


Wisconsin
(Valid Prior to Q1 2007)
RACE_X RACE
Value Description Value Description
4 White 1 White
3 Black 2 Black
If HISPANIC_X = 1 3 Hispanic
2 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 Asian or Pacific Islander
1 American Indian or Alaskan Native 5 Native American
5 Other 6 Other
6, 9, Blank Unknown, Missing . Missing
Any values not documented by the data source .A Invalid
HISPANIC_X
1 Hispanic origin
2 Not of Hispanic origin
6 Unknown
9 Not asked

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Internet Citation: HCUP Central Distributor SASD Description of Data Elements - All States. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). April 2008. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/db/vars/sasddistnote.jsp?var=race.
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